Aside from the use of notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. Click on the tabs below to see some common examples of materials cited in each style. For a more detailed description of the styles and numerous specific examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of the 8th edition of Turabian for bibliography style and chapters 18 and 19 for author-date style. If you are uncertain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor.
REMEMBER: If you cannot find the author, publisher, etc., for the online source, cite what is available. For further assistance, please ask a reference librarian.
INCLUDING ILLUSTRATIONS IN A RESEARCH PROJECT
• Locate illustration as near as possible to the relevant area of the text.
• Label illustration Fig., and give it a number, along with a caption or title. Include name of artist if known, last name first.
Fig. 1. Galante, Nick. Pathfinder-Plus Flight in Hawaii.
• Place label and caption or title underneath illustration. Use same margins as the rest of the paper.
• For parenthetical references, cite the work using the figure number. Example: (fig. 1).
The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. Examples of notes are followed by shortened versions of citations to the same source. For more details and many more examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of Turabian. For examples of the same citations using the author-date system, click on the Author-Date tab above.
Titles of books, periodicals, art works, reports and Web sites are italicized. Please check the appropriate sample citation on this page to make sure you are using italics correctly.
An in-text citation looks like this:
E-mail and text messages may be cited in running text ("In a text message to the author on July 21, 2012, John Doe revealed . . .") instead of in a note, and they are rarely listed in a bibliography. The following example shows the more formal version of a note.
In-text citation: "1" is the volume number.
MLA STYLE IN-TEXT CITATIONS Print & Electronic Sources File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat Whenever you refer to information in the text of your paper you must give credit to If you cite an electronic publication that has no pagination or other type of If the author's name is written in the signal phrase, you only need to write the page.
Citation Machine: Format & Generate Citations – APA, …
In-text Citation - APA Quick Citation Guide - Library Guides at Penn Jan 17, 2017 Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.