the in-text citation contains basic information about the source:

If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place

Aside from the use of notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. Click on the tabs below to see some common examples of materials cited in each style. For a more detailed description of the styles and numerous specific examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of the 8th edition of Turabian for bibliography style and chapters 18 and 19 for author-date style. If you are uncertain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor.

If you cannot find the author, publisher, etc., for the online source, cite what is available. For further assistance, please ask a reference librarian.

• Locate illustration as near as possible to the relevant area of the text.
• Label illustration Fig., and give it a number, along with a caption or title. Include name of artist if known, last name first.


Fig. 1. Galante, Nick. Pathfinder-Plus Flight in Hawaii.

• Place label and caption or title underneath illustration. Use same margins as the rest of the paper.

• For parenthetical references, cite the work using the figure number. Example: (fig. 1).

kf/sb 9/09

The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. Examples of notes are followed by shortened versions of citations to the same source. For more details and many more examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of Turabian. For examples of the same citations using the author-date system, click on the Author-Date tab above.

Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA.

Titles of books, periodicals, art works, reports and Web sites are italicized. Please check the appropriate sample citation on this page to make sure you are using italics correctly.

An in-text citation looks like this:

E-mail and text messages may be cited in running text ("In a text message to the author on July 21, 2012, John Doe revealed . . .") instead of in a note, and they are rarely listed in a bibliography. The following example shows the more formal version of a note.

In-text citation: "1" is the volume number.

Your in-text citation gives credit to Wills and shows the source in which you found Wills's idea.

MLA STYLE IN-TEXT CITATIONS Print & Electronic Sources File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat Whenever you refer to information in the text of your paper you must give credit to If you cite an electronic publication that has no pagination or other type of If the author's name is written in the signal phrase, you only need to write the page.

Citation Machine: Format & Generate Citations – APA, …

In-text Citation - APA Quick Citation Guide - Library Guides at Penn Jan 17, 2017 Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.

Why we use parenthetical / in-text citations Researchers place brief parenthetical descriptions to acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources.

MLA In-Text Citation Guide: How to Use Parenthetical Citations Why we use parenthetical / in-text citations place brief parenthetical descriptions to acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources.

This site is designed to introduce you to citing information in a variety of citation styles

MLA In-Text Citations — Center for Writing and Communication MLA style uses in-text citations to give credit to authors when paraphrasing or As in the example above, if you inserted a quotation into an essay, and then you MLA In-Text Citations - Roane State Community College Any time you refer to, comment on, paraphrase, or quote another writer's information, you must document this in your essay through the use of a citation.

In-text citations contain basic information about a source (usually within brackets)

readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they In-Text Citations - Purdue Online Writing Lab - Purdue University Nov 11, 2014 Reference citations in text are covered on pages 169-179 of the some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.

Harvard Referencing (In-text citation) - YouTube

Like e-mail and text messages, comments posted on a social networking service may be cited in running text ("In a message posted to her Twitter account on August 25, 2011, . . .") instead of in parentheses, and they are rarely listed in a reference list. The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation.