Global Regents Review Sheet and Flashcards Prep

20 Pages By AVI TROPPER Page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS All Regents…  Unit Summaries Thematic Essays.

Professor Viorel BARBU is Professor of Mathematics at the "Al. I. Cuza" University, Iasi, since 1980. He was Rector (President) of the University of Iasi (1981-1989) and Vice President of the Romanian Academy (1998-2002) ; he is Director of Institute of Mathematics of Romanian Academy in Iasi, since 1990 , and President of Romanian Academy Iasi Branch (since 2001).

He has been directing academic research in the field of environmental and water resources systems analysis for over 20 years. His area of expertise covers many facets of environmental sciences and engineering including environmental resources management, sustainable systems engineering, environmental systems modeling, remote sensing, environmental informatics and decision making, and industrial ecology. In recent years, the focus of his research brings well-rounded interdisciplinary efforts in the area of environmental informatics and systems analysis. It emphasizes fusion of environmental hydrology, environmental/ecological engineering processes, computational methods, and information technologies to advance our understanding of large, complex, and integrated environmental and hydrologic systems. The spectrum of these systems ranges from the natural systems, to the engineered systems, and to the integrated natural and engineered systems where the green infrastructure plays a critical role. He has developed over 40 different types of simulation and optimization models for a variety of environmental and hydrological systems analyses. These findings demonstrate the pioneering work in developing and formally establishing the requirements for integrating sensor technology, remote sensing/GIS, cyber infrastructure, infrastructure asset management, low impact development, and sustainability sciences as applied to water resources and environmental management under the global change impacts. It promotes a holistic understanding of the physical world and the built environment via sensing, modeling, analysis, and prediction for various environmental and hydrologic systems under normal operation and disaster conditions.

Kerim Allahverdiev, Azerbaijanian by birth, was born in 1944 and educated at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute (MEI), where he received degree in Electrical Engineering in 1967. His Institute diploma thesis was performed at the Lebedev Institute of Physics, Moscow and was devoted to the superconducting properties of layered Niobium Selenide crystals. In 1967 he finished 2 years English school in Moscow. In 1972 he received the degree of the Candidate of Physical Mathematical Sciences working at the Institute of Physics Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in close collaboration with the Lebedev Institute of Physics. In 1974-1975 he had Postdoctoral at the Clarendon Laboratory of Oxford University, UK. In 1982 he received a degree of Doctor of the Physical Mathematical Sciences submitting the thesis to the Institute of General Physics also, Moscow, working in close collaboration with the Institute of Spectroscopy and Institute of High Pressure Physics, Troitsk, Moscow Region. Since 1985 he is Professor in Physics. In 1992-1995 he is Professor in Physics at the Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. Since 1995 he is Senior Scientific Researcher at the Marmara Research Centre (MRC) of the Turkish Scientific and Technological Council (TUBITAK), Gebze, Turkey and Senior Research Scientist at the Institute of Physics Azerabaijan National Academy of Sciences.

As a visiting professor, researcher and invited lecturer, Prof. K. Allahverdiev has presented, taught seminars and engaged in scientific collaboration at more than 40 Universities and Research Centers around the world, including Moscow State University; Oxford University, Cambridge University; Sheffield University, UK; London University; Imperial College, UK; MPI FKF, Stuttgart, Germany; RWTH Aachen, Germany; Bochum University, Germany; Bayreuth University, Germany; Hamburg University, Germany; US Air Force Wright Patterson Lab., Dayton; Colorado State University, USA; University of Cincinatti, USA; Tsukuba University, Japan and Madrid University, Spain.

He has been directing academic research in the field of physics and practical applications of layered semiconductors for over 30 years. Research Achievements include: new effective nonlinear materials in the system of layered gallium selenide- type semiconductors; first observation and explanation the nature of the low-temperature ferroelectric and high-pressure phase transitions in ternary layered chalcogenides. New class of the ferroelectric-semiconductors was discovered in a frame of joint research with the Institute of Spectroscopy (Prof. E. Vinogradov et al.), Troitsk, Moscow Region; first experimental investigation of the influence of ultra-short laser pulses on the transient-transmission change of layered A3B6 crystals and observation of quantum beats as due to the coherently excited fully symmetric phonons. As a result, new type of ultra-fast light modulator was suggested; first observation of the second harmonic generation in gallium selenide at 10.6 µm an 1579 nm and resonant excitonic second-harmonic generation; influence of intercalation on the electronic and vibration properties of gallium selenide-type crystals.

K. Allahverdiev hands-on experience in: modern spectroscopy techniques-also under pressure (pump-probe experiments, Raman scattering, nonlinear harmonic generation and wave mixing, photo- and electro- luminescence, exciton spectroscopy and others; growth and characterization of single crystals, nanocrystals and polycrystalline materials; carrier transport and galvanomagnetic measurements, dielectric spectroscopy; supervising the students at graduate and undergraduate levels, advising Ph.D Theses; demonstrated ability in project management, communication and organization skill, energetic.
Professor Allahverdiev has received several awards, honors, membership and fellowships including Azerbaijan State Prize in Science (1988); Krupp's stipendium, Technical University Aachen (1989); Window-on- Science Award, US Air Force European Office of Aerospace R&D, USA (1996, 2001); Royal Society Award as visiting Professor (1987, 1989); Citation in the USSR Academy of Sciences List of Best Achievements of the Year for the determination of the interlayer parameters and the peculiarities of the phonon spectra of A3B6 semiconductors (1978). Same Citation for different achievements in 1983, 1989 and 1991. He is a member: of New York Academy of Sciences (1998); Azerbaijan National Academy of Creation (1988); Russian Engineering Academy of Sciences, named by A. M. Prokhorov (2008); Member of the Organizing Committee of the European High Pressure Research Group (EHPRG) (1987-1990, 1991-1994, 1996-1999); Member of the Editorial Board, Turkish Journal of Physics; Reviewer of the JOSA, JAP, Materials Research Bulletin and others.

Professor Allahverdiev has published more than 275 articles on the linear and nonlinear optical properties of layered semiconductors, 1 book and 7 review articles. He has 5 patents.

Although a very busy personality Professor Allahverdiev finds time for sport (football, swimming). Among his other hobbies are gardening, walking, music (classic and modern).

THEMATIC ESSAY NOTE: The Thematic and DBQ Essays are graded on a scale of 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest).

With a Fulbright and ``Thanks to Scandinavia ” scholarship he then went to Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University for a one year postdoctoral position. Upon returning to Norway he accepted a position as Associate Professor at the Norwegian Institute of Technology, University of Trondheim. In 1991 he was promoted to his current position as full professor at the same institution, which in 1996 changed its name to Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). Currently he holds an adjunct position at the Centre of Mathematics for Applications, University of Oslo.

Global Regents Review Flashcards

Michael Griebel was born in Augsburg, Germany, in 1960. He studied Computer Science at the Technische Universität München where he received his Diplom in 1985, the Dr. rer. nat. in 1989 and the Habilitation in 1993. Since then he is a full Professor for Numerical Simulation at the University of Bonn. He was a Visiting Professor at the University of California at San Diego, at the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics of the University of California, Los Angeles, USA, at the University Paris VII Diderot, France, and at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. He also was an International Fellow of the Australian Research Council (ARCIF).

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Barbara Wohlmuth works in the field of numerical simulation techniques for partial differential equations with special focus on discretizations, a posteriori error analysis, fault tolerance, multi-scale and massively parallel iterative solvers, variational inequalities, and the mathematical modeling of coupled multi-field problems. Interdisciplinary cooperation with engineers and computer sciences play an important role in her work. After studying mathematics at the Technische Universität München (TUM) and the University of Grenoble she completed her PhD in 1995 at TUM and habilitated in 2000 at the University of Augsburg. As a PostDoc she stayed at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University and as a visiting professor in France and Hong Kong. In 2001 she accepted a full professor position for Numerical Mathematics at the Universität Stuttgart and in 2010 at TUM. She holds the Magne Espedal guest professor at the University Bergen. She serves on numerous Editorial Boards, acts as a reviewer for national research foundations and is member of international scientific advisory boards. Currently she is the Director-Elect of the International Graduate School of Sciences and Engineering at TUM.
Barbara Wohlmuth is elected member of the DFG Review Board 312 for Mathematics and a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. In 2012 she was awarded the prestigious Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize of the German Research Foundation (DFG).

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Villani was awarded the Fields Medal at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Hyderabad, India, in 2010 for his work involving . The amount of molecular disorder, or randomness, of a system is measured by . Entropy always increases in a system until it is in thermal equilibrium with its environment. However, the rate at which entropy increases was unknown until 2005, when Villani and French mathematician Laurent Desvillettes determined that entropy did not increase at a constant rate. In 2009 Villani and French mathematician Clément Mouhot proved Soviet physicist ’s conjecture that reaches equilibrium without increasing its entropy. Villani also found applications for the mathematical study of entropy in and in transport theory.