This social thought piece constitutes a contribution to the history of anthropology in southern Europe. Using Spain under Francisco Franco as a case study, it demonstrates the close connection between anthropology as an academic discipline, on the one hand, and fascist rule, on the other. While anthropologists neither whole-heartedly accepted the Franco regime (1939–1975) nor worked directly on that regime’s behalf, anthropological topics, theories, and approaches of the day posed no threat to the fascist regime and were, in fact, consonant with certain basic principles promoted by that regime. The culture concept, which linked particular territories to particular customs and ways of life, was in complete accord with the fascist division of society into named geographic entities, each with its own folklore, speech patterns, and popular forms of ritual and religion. Anthropologists and supporters of the Franco dictatorship alike—whether intentionally or not—ignored considerations of socioeconomic class. At the same time, anthropologists began to investigate small communities located in highly complex, literate societies. The rural peoples of these societies came to be classified as “peasants,” identified as repositories of traditional, stable ways of life, inherited from the distant past. Such anthropological studies were consonant with the ideology of the Franco regime, which glorified rural peoples and a supposedly ancient, heroic past. Similar developments were occurring elsewhere in Europe, particularly among anthropologists and folklorists working during the political reign of dictator António Oliveira de Salazar (1932–1968). This piece concludes with changes that have occurred both politically and anthropologically since the rise of democracy in Spain and Portugal during the late 1970s.
The AmericanAnthropological Association definition of anthropology goes likethis: it is the study of past and present humans and students pick upanthropological viewpoints based on observations made in culturaldifferences in communication styles, social institutions, andcultural beliefs.
They include theperspectives of the above areas into their professional, teaching,and research works. Cultural anthropology focuses on the study ofcultures primarily based on ethnography with a special focus onsocial organization and kinship.
It was created by Antonio Gramsci in order to understand the difference between dominant groups in society that have power and that use “intellectual and moral leadership” in an attempt to win over the less powerful submissive groups (Storey 8).
Libertarian socialism - Wikipedia
“It is social norms that provide the constraints by which the interaction between the basic dyad of self and other is governed…social norms also provide the source of identity between the individual action, the complete system and the overall social order itself resides in the identity between the action and the system” (Jinks, 2...
Anthropological Perspective on Culture and Society - UK Essays
His concepts of status frustration and middle-class measuring rods show that social forces and not individual traits also promote and sustain a delinquent career....
Anthropological Perspective on Culture and ..
Book Reviews: The View form Madisonville, Protohistoric Western Fort Ancient Interaction Patterns (Penelope Ballard Drooker) (Christina B. Rieth, p. 81); L’éveilleu et l’ambassadeur: Essais archéologiques et ethnohistoriques en hommage à Charles A. Martijn (Ronald Tremblay, editor) (Christian Gates St-Pierre, p. 83)
Social and cultural anthropology extended essay examples54 (Fall 1997)
Articles: Massachusetts Kinship Terminology and Social Organization, 1620-1750 (Kathleen Bragdon, p. 1); Federal Archaeological Preservation Programs in the Northeast: An Assessment for 1997 (Dena F. Dincauze, p. 15); Wendat Dialects and the Development of the Huron Alliance (John Steckley, p. 23); Radiocarbon Dating the Middle to Late Woodland Transition and Earliest Maize in Southern Ontario (David G. Smith, p. 37)
Social And Cultural Anthropology Extended Essay Topics52 (Fall 1996)
Articles: Prehistoric Agricultural Systems in the West Branch of the Susquehanna River Basin, A.D. 800 to A.D. 1350 (John P. Hart and Nancy Asch Sidell, p. 1); Poor Women and Bad Mothers: Placing the Blame for Turn-of-the-Century Infant Mortality (Helen H. Ball and Alan Swedlund, p. 31); Nonmetric Trait Distribution and the Expression of Familial Relationships in a Nineteenth Century Cemetery (Michael W. Spence, p. 53); Taverns, Forts, and Castles: Rediscovering King Hendrick’s Village (Philip Lord, Jr., p. 69); Diet, Health, and Subsistence at the Late Archaic Turner Farm Site, Maine (Ann L. Magennis and Lenore T. Barbian, p. 95)
Why is kinship so important in social anthropology? - Essay49 (Spring 1995)
PAPERS FROM THE 1993 ANNUAL MEETING OF THE CANADIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
Articles: Introduction to Symposium Papers: Unearthing the Late Woodland, Ethnogenesis and Ceramics in the Northeast (Hetty Jo Brumbach, p. 1); The “Michigan Owasco” and the Iroquois Co-Tradition: Late Woodland Conflict, Conquest, and Cultural Realignment in the Western Lower Great Lakes (David M. Stothers, p. 5); Ceramics and Ethnicity in West-Central New York: Exploring Owasco-Iroquois Connections (Mary Ann Palmer Niemczycki, p. 43); Algonquian and Iroquoian Ceramics in the Upper Hudson River Drainage (Hetty Jo Brumbach, p. 55); The Meaning of Early Late Woodland Pottery from Southwestern Quebec (Norman Clermont, p. 67); An Early Late Woodland Pottery Sequence East of Lac Saint-Pierre: Definition, Chronology, and Cultural Affiliation (Claude Chapdelaine, p. 77); The Eastern Subarctic: Assessing the Transition From the Middle to Late Woodland Periods (Jean François Moreau, p. 97)
Social anthropology essay questions55 (Spring 1998)
Articles: Released form Thraldom by the Stroke of War: Coercion and Warfare in Native Politics of Seventeenth-Century Southern New England (Eric S. Johnson, p. 1); A Possible Late Middle Woodland Tool Kit from Thompson Island, Massachusetts (Barbara E. Luedtke, p. 15); Congenital Deformity in a Late Woodland Burial from Southwestern Ontario (Michael W. Spence, p. 31); Early Recent Indian Interior Occupation at Deer Lake Beach: Implications for Theories of Recent Indian Beothuk Resource Use, Settlement, and Social Organization in Newfoundland (David Reader, p. 47)