Unlike functionalists, who argue that crime and deviance are inevitable in all kinds of society, marxists argue that crime is only inevitable in capitalist societies and that capitalism by its very nature is criminogenic.
Crime is usually looked upon as an infringement of criminal law where as deviance has a vast and wider approach to crime and is consequently much harder to define....
If the justice departments would actually look at the persons thought processes and reasoning before a crime is committed, the justice departments will be able to answer the reason for the crime.
It was Emile Durkheim who first clearly established the logic behind the functional approach to the study of crime and deviance when he wrote The Rules of Sociological Method and The Division of Labour.
[tags: Papers Deviance Sociology Essays]
Crime is part of most people’s life today in one form or another, but it is the legal, social, and cultural factors that influence law thus labelling which are criminal and which or not. Individuals may appear to have rights, choices and responsibilities but only when it does not affect the segment of society that holds all the power. Criminal data and statistics should include all crime that is “white collar crime”, and not just the crimes considered deviant by those with power. Drugs may be considered a criminal behaviour, but health services and interventions have been planned with little reference to the needs of those most concerned, and this obscures the real needs. Interventions have to attack the meanings invested in such activities, instead of just labelling the outcomes as criminal behaviours. (Coleman and Hendry).
The mental illness itself is not deviant.
Highlighting Black's therapeutic social control, the chapter explores the role of medicine and science in defining and responding to deviant behavior. Defining various forms of deviance as a disease or medical problem is contrasted with the criminal justice system's assumption that offenders act based upon their own free will, raising questions about accountability for crime. Medical institutions may collaborate with other institutions of social control to excuse criminal liability, with positive and negative consequences. The medicalization of deviance has shifted the blame and punishment for some offenders, which in some cases has led to vindication and putative backlash.
[tags: Sociology Behavior Society Deviant Essays]
Crime and deviance are linked. Deviance refers to those behaviors that violate social norms. Some deviant behaviors are serious enough that society has chosen to pass laws against them (these are crimes); other deviant behaviors may be frowned upon by society but have not been defined as crimes. Internal and external socialization processes teach social norms and clarify what behaviors society is and is not willing to tolerate. Socialization and social control are key concepts in controlling human behavior. Society determines what behaviors are acceptable, and deviations from those behaviors bring a variety of social sanctions (not limited to those meted out by the criminal justice system). A failure to socialize to the norms of society is often used as an explanation of criminal behavior and deviance.